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Poliomyelitis

One of the most common infectious diseases of the 21st century, which threatens the world's newborns, is a virus called Polyomelit, mostly infected with children aged 2 to 5 years. The infection is transmitted from the sick person to pneumonia (coughing, sneezing) and nutritional pathways. The virus has a nervous system and is independent of the pathways of the spinal cord, rarely in the forehead of the neck stomach. The secret period is 9 to 14 days, with general weakness, loss of appetite, headaches, and sleep disorders.

Treatment

There is no cure for polio. The focus of modern treatment has been on providing relief of symptoms, speeding recovery and preventing complications. Supportive measures include antibiotics to prevent infections in weakened muscles, analgesics for pain, moderate exercise and a nutritious diet.Treatment of polio often requires long-term rehabilitation, including occupational therapy, physical therapy, braces, corrective shoes and, in some cases, orthopedic surgery.

Portable ventilators may be required to support breathing. Historically, a noninvasive, negative-pressure ventilator, more commonly called an iron lung, was used to artificially maintain respiration during an acute polio infection until a person could breathe independently (generally about one to two weeks). Today, many polio survivors with permanent respiratory paralysis use modern jacket-type negative-pressure ventilators worn over the chest and abdomen.

Other historical treatments for polio include hydrotherapy, electrotherapy, massage and passive motion exercises, and surgical treatments, such as tendon lengthening and nerve grafting.

Prevention

Immunization with live vaccination, starting from 2 months, with a specific scheme. This is the best way to avoid the virus. This type of virus can be prevented in a few years as a result of broad-based vaccination in Armenia. Now, as a result of this great work, our country has been granted the status of a free country without poliomyelitis. Because of a significant retardation of poliomyelitis.